F6F Hellcat - Grumman's Ace Maker in World War II (Legends of Warfare)
The Grumman F6F Hellcat formed the backbone of America's carrier-based fighter force as the Allies pressed the war toward Japan. Powered by a massive and reliable Pratt & Whitney radial engine, the Hellcat racked up an incredible 19: 1 kill ratio against its foes in WWII, and 305 aviators earned ace status while flying the Hellcat. Such famed US naval aces as David McCampbell, Cecil Harris, Eugene Valencia, and Alex Vraciu all flew the Hellcat. In addition to its wing-mounted .50-caliber machine guns, the F6F was equipped to carry bombs as well, allowing pilots to deliver up to 2,000 pounds of bombs on targets.
By the time that Hellcat production ended in November 1945, 12,275 examples had rolled off Grumman's Bethpage, Long Island, assembly line. Through carefully researched photos, many never before published, the history and details of this iconic aircraft are revealed. Part of the Legends of Warfare series.
Depuis toujours le Hellcat est présenté comme le " Vainqueur du Pacifique " ; c'est grâce à cet appareil que les pilotes américains purent vaincre les " Zéro " japonais. Ce recueil vous aidera à comprendre pourquoi.
Les ingénieurs de chez Grumman ont insisté particulièrement sur la sécurité et le confort des pilotes. Les divers circuits ont été doublés. Ainsi le train d'atterrissage peut-il être sorti grâce à deux circuits hydrauliques et à une bouteille d'air comprimé. Le blindage est beaucoup plus important que celui de son adversaire. L E moteur est très puissant et robuste, ses 46 litres de cylindrée sont limités à 2 100 cv ; il eut été possible de doubler cette puissance, mais au détriment du potentiel moteur, et pour les survols maritimes il faut un moteur qui " dure ". L'avion est un peu lourd mais l'histoire à montré que c'était le bon choix.
Ce si bel avion a eu malheureusement beaucoup d'accidents, comme tous ceux de son époque. Malgré cela ses performances étaient comparables à celles des premiers chasseurs à réaction.
Grumman's successor to the pugnacious Wildcat, the Hellcat embodied many of the lessons learnt by F4F pilots in the opening months of the Pacific war. Introduced to the fleet in January 1943, and blooded in combat against the Japanese by VF-5 seven months later, the F6F served as the principal US Navy fighter on board carrier decks until VJ-Day. Despite its lethality in the air when ranged against the best Japanese fighters, it still retained docile handling qualities around the carrier deck. Pilots flying the Hellcat claimed nearly 5000 kills in the Pacific, and over 350 pilots achieved ace status on the type.
Contents: Ace Maker - The Year of Decision - To the Philippines - Tokyo Bound - Fleet Air Arm and Anvil-Dragoon - End Game - Wartime History of VF-19 - Appendices.
VF-9 was activated in March 1942 as part of Carrier Air Group (CAG) 9, one of the many air groups the US Navy was hurriedly forming in the aftermath of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Equipped with Grumman F4F Wildcats, VF-9 first saw combat during the Allied invasion of North Africa in November 1942, where the squadron engaged Vichy French fighters over Morocco. Returning to the United States, VF-9 became one of the first squadrons to receive the Grumman F6F Hellcat and to deploy on the USS Essex, the first of its class of fleet carriers that would form the backbone of the US Navy's Fast Carrier Task Force. VF-9, the Hellcat, and the Essex all entered combat in the fall of 1943. In the hands of the squadron's pilots, and with other Navy fighter squadrons, the Hellcat proved superior to the Imperial Japanese Navy's A6M Zero, which had heretofore been the world's premier carrier fighter plane.
Contents: Organisation, Training and First Combat Cruise - Second Combat Cruise - Third Combat Cruise - Appendices.
F6F Hellcat vs A6M Zero-Sen - Pacific Theater 1943-44 (Osprey)
The Grumman F6F Hellcat and Mitsubishi A6M Zero-sen were the two principal opposing fighters in the brutal aerial clashes of the Pacific War from 1943 onwards. Reminiscent of the preceding F4F Wildcat, the F6F Hellcat was designed specifically to counter the earlier A6M2 Zero-sen, the strengths and weaknesses of which became fully understood by US designers after an undamaged example was recovered in the Aleutians. The powerful Hellcat had an impressive top speed, rate of climb and armament, and it retained its predecessor's incredible ruggedness. The A6M5 Zero-sen was also born out of an earlier type, but was intended merely as a stop-gap until more modern Japanese fighters could be produced to restore performance parity with Allied aircraft. The chaotic conditions of the Japanese Aircraft industry and war economy prevented new types from being built. Featuring detailed artwork illustrating the technical specifications of these two types and the dramatic encounters between them, this volume focuses on how these iconic fighters came into being, and how they fared as they faced one another over the Pacific skies of World War II.
Contents: Introduction - Chronology - Design and Development - Technical Specifications - The Strategic Situation - The Combatants - Combat - Statistics and Analysis - Aftermath - Further Reading - Index.
Edward M. Young
80 Seiten, 25 x 18.5 x 0.8 cm, Softcover
Fotos und Zeichnungen (in s/w und Farbe)
Osprey Publishing (GB, 2014)
F6F Hellcat vs A6M Zero-Sen - Pacific Theater 1943-44